Etymology: 10 questions

  1. Which English word for a fruit conserve comes from the Portuguese word for quince?
  2. Which English word comes from a Czech word meaning “to work”, and was first introduced in its modern sense in a 1921 work by Karel Capek called R.U.R.?
  3. Which English word for small or unimportant pieces of information comes from the Latin for “three ways”
  4. The name of what metal gave rise to the word “plumbing”?
  5. Which word, coined my John Milton, literally means “place of all demons”, and was given by Milton to the capital of hell, but now means any chaotic situation?
  6. Which word for a sports official comes from a French word meaning “not equal”?
  7. The word “aquiline” means resembling which kind of bird?
  8. Which word for a lackey or labourer comes from a Chinese word meaning “bitter labour”?
  9. Which measurement of distance originates from the Latin words for “One thousand paces”?
  10. What does the Ancient Greek “pter” mean, as seen in the words helicopter and pterodactyl?

Answers below (scroll down)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. Which English word for a fruit conserve comes from the Portuguese word for quince?
    A: Marmalade
  2. Which English word comes from a Czech word meaning “to work”, and was first introduced in its modern sense in a 1921 work by Karel Capek called R.U.R.?
    A: Robot (from Czech robotovat, to work or slave)
  3. Which English word for small or unimportant pieces of information comes from the Latin for “three ways”
    A: Trivia
  4. The name of what metal gave rise to the word “plumbing”?
    A: Lead (plumbum in Latin)
  5. Which word, coined my John Milton, literally means “place of all demons”, and was given by Milton to the capital of hell, but now means any chaotic situation?
    A: Pandemonium
  6. Which word for a sports official comes from a French word meaning “not equal”?
    A: Umpire (from French “nonper”)
  7. The word “aquiline” means resembling which kind of bird?
    A: Eagle
  8. Which word for a lackey or labourer comes from a Chinese word meaning “bitter labour”?
    A: Coolie
  9. Which measurement of distance originates from the Latin words for “One thousand paces”?
    A: Mile
  10. What does the Ancient Greek “pter” mean, as seen in the words helicopter and pterodactyl?
    A: Wing or feather

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