Words of Japanese origin: 10 questions

Give the word of Japanese origin (which is listed in the OECD)

  1. Lit. Picture letter, meaning a small picture used in an email or text message
  2. Lit. Big wind, another word for a hurricane or cyclone
  3. Lit. Human powered vehicle, meaning a cart pulled by a man and carrying passengers
  4. Lit. Person of the arts, a lady who performed artistic endeavours for paying customers
  5. Lit. Mugwort, a plant or cotton wool burned on the skin for therapeutic purposes
  6. The name of a plant, an invasive weed in the US and UK, native to Japan and China
  7. Lit. Divine wind, meaning a suicide attacker in World War II
  8. Lit. Fermented paste oil, meaning a common seasoning or sauce in oriental cuisine
  9. Lit. fermented beans, meaning a common food made from soybeansTofu
  10. Lit. Chief of a group, meaning the top person in an organization (often preceded by the word “head”).

Answers below (scroll down)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. Lit. Picture letter, meaning a small picture used in an email or text message
    A: Emoji
  2. Lit. Big wind, another word for a hurricane or cyclone
    A: Typhoon (from taifu)
  3. Lit. Human powered vehicle, meaning a cart pulled by a man and carrying passengers
    A: Rickshaw (from jinrikisha)
  4. Lit. Person of the arts, a lady who performed artistic endeavours for paying customers
    A: Geisha
  5. Lit. Mugwort, a plant or cotton wool burned on the skin for therapeutic purposes
    A: Moxa (from mogusa)
  6. The name of a plant, an invasive weed in the US and UK, native to Japan and China
    A: Kudzu/Kuzu
  7. Lit. Divine wind, meaning a suicide attacker in World War II
    A: Kamikaze
  8. Lit. Fermented paste oil, meaning a common seasoning or sauce in oriental cuisine
    A: Soy (from shoyu)
  9. Lit. fermented beans, meaning a common food made from soybeans
    A: Tofu
  10. Lit. Chief of a group, meaning the top person in an organization (often preceded by the word “head”).
    A: Honcho (from hancho)

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